Recently I read the study done by Timothy Osberg, Katherine Billingsley, and Maribeth Insana titled, “From Animal House to Old School: A Multiple Mediation Analysis of the Association between College Drinking Movie Exposure and Freshman Drinking and Its Consequences” they link college movies that show binge drinking and the glorification of extreme alcohol consumption to college freshman drinking. The main question they were testing was, would the “increased exposure to movies that glorify college drinking impact…viewers’ beliefs about the role of alcohol in college life”(Osberg, Billingsley, Isana, 923). The way this was tested was by showing 479 college freshmen college movies that promoted binge drinking and then gave the freshmen two questionnaires about a month apart. Both questionnaires showed a connection between these movies and freshman year drinking. At the end of the study they wrote “exposure to movies glorifying the college drinking culture was found to have direct and indirect effects on the drinking behaviors of college freshmen”(Osberg, Billingsley, Isana, 930).
Even Though this study was conducted very well and written out very clearly I feel they could have done a better job with some parts. I feel as though some of their paragraphs were useless and repetitive and that the study could have come to the same conclusion with half the amount of words, but that can also be linked to my laziness as a reader. The main problem I find that this study is with their tables showing their data. I must have stared at them for countless minutes and no matter how many times I looked them over or read the paragraphs around them I could not understand what they were showing me. Never the less though I was able to understand their conclusion and how they got there.
Osberg, Timothy M., Katherine Billingsley, and Maribeth Insana. “From Animal House to OldSchool: A Multiple Mediation Analysis of the Association between College Drinking Movie Exposure and Freshman Drinking and Its Consequences.” Addictive Behaviors 37.8 (2012): 922-30. Print.
Fire is a flame which creates heat. This heat helps people survive and allows us to live in a simple society. But is our society really that simple? I believe that the World we live in is much more complex then it has ever been before.There are so many people in the World today that everyone’s past experiences, which characterize who they are, become so different that people’s minds are in completely different places and we have no idea.
I have noticed that by moving from Massachusetts to Colorado, I have experienced interactions with many different people who live in a completely different environment then my hometown. It is sometime hard to communicate with another person who lives in a “different world” then yourself.
Ross Ulbricht, a 29 year old was recently arrested for being the founder of the Silk Road (Online Black Market). But Ross Ulbricht kept this a secret for a very long time. “To his housemates, he was simply “Josh,” a quiet guy who joined them through Craigslist, kept to himself and spent full days buried in his laptop”. “Josh” lived a completely fake life and no one had any idea. This shows that Josh’s brain was on a different mind set then the people he was living with.
The drug industry is a huge concept in our complex society. The advanced technology, which most people posses, have changed our society for the worse. And we can’t do anything about it. In many ways our Earth is dying and I believe that humans have corrupted our World into a completely different place then we are supposed to be living.
Confusius said “The superior man understands what is right; the inferior man understands what will sell.”
Mac, Ryan. “Living With Ross Ulbricht: Housemates Say They Saw No Clues Of Silk Road Or The Dread Pirate Roberts”. 10/19/13. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/c/confucius.html#IZH473xVgrPwa3GX.99.
In the article “Losing Bodies” by Susie Orbach media’s influence on women’s perception of weight is examined. In this article it is shown that most women retain the meaning of what it is to be “normal sized” by the visuals of “normal” that media gives us (Orbach 390). This “normal” is classified by certain body measurements, looks, makeup, etc. that is created by the fashion industry (Orbach 390). Trying to live up to being “normal” is causing women to have weight issues, social anxiety, get plastic surgery, and develop anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Women’s anxiety about gaining weight and not fitting in with society is having an effect not only on other women, but on younger generations. Women’s social anxiety about striving to be that perfect “normal” is causing their children to develop weight issues younger and younger because of how society judges us (Orbach 393). An example is children seeing their mom whiten her teeth, or eat only certain foods, or over exercise to maintain the “normalized look” (Orbach 393-394). The way children see their parents trying to fit in is causing children to develop social anxiety and more importantly weight issues. Another example of media causing a negative affect on how women view weight is when popular TV shows from the U.S. came to Fiji. The women in Fiji, after watching shows such as Friends, were affected so heavily in regards to how they view their bodies that 11.9% of Fijian adolescent girls developed bulimia, when it had not existed there before (Orbach 388).
These affects on weight that media is causing is creating a weight issue, that had ceased to exist prior to media. Media is overall causing women to have social anxiety, develop eating disorders earlier on, causing younger children to develop eating disorders sooner, and essentially “lose their bodies” because of the extreme measure they go to to maintain a certain weight that media deems acceptable (Orbach 390-394). The meaning of “normal” in today’s society is substantially different from previous times. “Normal” is not the average sized woman anymore, but the one who is thin and has the makeup and visual looks society sees to be “normal” (Orbach 393).
In regards to how convincing this article is, I would say there were several key points that were convincing and that people could identify with. I thought the article was very persuasive in conveying the affect that media’s view on weight is having, by the examples they used such as children looking up to mothers who have social anxiety due to weight. I also thought it was important that they clarified definitions of normal and fitting in in regards to society. Some points that I thought were not as strong is that they didn’t clarify which type of media had the greatest impact. For example, whether it was TVs, magazines, movies, newspapers, etc. that had the biggest influence in how women view weight. Also, they mentioned the example of the TV show Friends and how it caused the eating disorder bulimia, but it failed to include other examples of media besides just the TV and not only that, but what genre of specific types of shows influenced women in regards to social anxiety and weight.
Orbach, Susie. “Losing Bodies.” Social Research 78.2 (2011): 387-394. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Sept. 2013.
Money has always controlled goods and objects, but recently in my life I have realized that money is starting to control people. By the amount of money that you spend, it almost categorizes yourself into a hierarchy. People tend to become friends with one another through style and how they present themselves to the general public.
In the movie Blow, the main character is hypnotized by money to the extent, where he positions himself and his family to be in danger. Money is an object and should never have the power to control a living thing. But in our society today we are able to pay for animals and pretty much anything you can think of except people. It is almost messed up to think that this green paper posses people’s life styles and almost shapes who people are.
In the article, “How the Brain Responds to the Destruction of Money” there was an experiment on twenty adults with an age range of 20-29 years old for 1 hour. In which, they were shown either money or a notecard and they would watch someone either fold or tear the money or notecard. Their brain function was recorded and this study “leads plausibility to a genuinely psychological interpretation of the explanation of money as a tool for parametrically symbolizing exchange.” Money is being interpreted as a type of exchange and everyone needs to exchange in their lives to survive. Money literally controls every single thing you do. Certain objects or actions in everybody’s lives make them feel differently. But I’m pretty sure that everyone who is at least eighteen years old have needed/wanted more money. Im not saying that money does not control my own life, but rather we should be in more control of our money. We can not let society corrupt us into being controlled by anything other then ourselves.
Becchio, Cristina and Frith, Uta and Skews, Joshua and Lund, Torben and Frith, Chris and Roepstorff, Andreas. “How the Brain Responds to the Destruction of Money”. © 2011 American Psychological Association. 10/13/13.
The exposure women face to thin models in magazines is affecting not only their self-confidence, but their health. Women’s magazines are making women feel as if they are not “thin enough” and causing eating disorders. Women’s magazines are one source of media causing these problems among women, but I am curious if movies are too; especially the movie Sydney White.
In the article “Social Risk Factors Related to Eating Disorders in Women” by Alejandro Magallares the effect of women’s magazines on women’s health is addressed. In this article, women are portrayed as constantly striving to be thin and resemble the models they see in women’s magazines. This obsession with being healthy or in other words as thin as the models, is leading to an increase in eating disorders. Women are not only developing eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and bing eating disorders, but are fighting to fit in with society. Society or “the norm” makes women feel as if the only way they will be accepted is by being thin. This constant pressure from the media, especially women’s magazines, is making women have social-anxiety and stress from trying to “fit in” by being thin.
Although magazines are the main source of health issues among women, scenes from the movie Sydney White also portray the struggle women face with weight. For example, in one scene in Sydney White Rachel, who is the president of a sorority and the typical “stick skinny blonde”, singles out a girl named Amy for putting on some weight over the summer. Rachel victimizes Amy in front of all the other girls in the house about her weight and says, “Excuse me Amy, don’t you remember you’ve been reassigned kitchen duty, go on…that’s what happens when you gain 27 pounds of break-up weight over the summer.” Amy immediately becomes embarrassed and turns red in the face with humiliation. Rachel also forces the girls to only eat celery, lettuce, and fruit to stay thin and “healthy”. This is an example of how much pressure there is from society to be “healthy” or thin. As the audience, I too not only found myself feeling sorry for Amy, but wondering if I was “thin enough” to society’s standards. These extremes such as hardly eating and having to be as thin as models seen in magazines is causing social-anxiety related to body-image and an increase in eating disorders (Magallares 148-149).
In conclusion, not only does exposure to thin models in women’s magazines cause eating disorders and affect women’s health, movies do too. Women’s magazines and movies can have a negative influence on women and how they view their bodies. Singling someone out because they aren’t “stick skinny” and are normal sized is wrong. Women should embrace who they are and women’s magazines and movies should make an effort to convey the message that bullying someone about their weight is never okay. Media, especially women’s magazines and movies, are causing more of a negative effect about weight than they are promoting “being healthy”.
Magallares, Alejandro. “Social Risk Factors Related To Eating Disorders In Women.” Revista Latinoamericana De Psicología 45.1 (2013): 147-154. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Sept. 2013.
In life there are many factors that make us want to try and imitate certain things. For example, someone might see an axe body wash commercial where a lonely male uses the body wash and is then shown covered in women clinging to his clothes. The viewer will then go out and buy the product subconsciously hoping for the same outcome as the commercial. Another example that is argued a lot in today’s society is that children who play violent video games are prone to act out and cause harm to others due to the influence of said video game. Connections such as these make some people wonder what it is that makes college aged students want to drink in such excessive amounts.
In a study testing the connection between alcohol advertising at sporting events and college aged drinking, authors Andrew Graham and Jean Adams watched six televised soccer games, counting the number of visual alcohol references. At the end of their study they wrote, “the six broadcasts lasted a total of 1101 min (18 h and 21 min)…with a mean of 340 and median of 257 per broadcast”(Graham, Adams). They also wrote in the conclusion of their study that the majority of the alcohol references showed,“[encouragement] [of] overconsumption or associating alcohol with social or sexual success, irresponsible behavior”(Graham, Adams).
After reading Graham and Adam’s study I started thinking more about what they saw in the majority of the alcohol related advertisements in my daily life, the “[encouragement] [of] overconsumption or associating alcohol with social or sexual success, [and] irresponsible behavior”(Graham, Adams). It didn’t hit me how often this glorification of drinking experiences appears in Hollywood movies until I was watching the movie Project X.
For those who don’t know, Project X is a movie about 3 “uncool” high schoolers who decide to throw a massive party to try and jump them up to the top of the high school social food chain. The majority of the movie is just following the three main characters around their party and showing what a good time they were having. After watching the movie, no matter what mood I was in before, I want to go out and party. This didn’t seem that odd to me until after reading Graham and Adam’s study. I realized the whole movie is just glorifying binge drinking and showing that through drinking an excessive amount there is the result of social and sexual success. Why I feel the need or want to go and party after seeing this movie is because subconsciously I draw the connection between binge drinking and social and sexual success.
Over the last four years, I have noticed that the amount of people my age have been starting to drink before the legal age. This made me think about the drinking age in other Countries and how successful they are. Why does our Country have a drinking age at all? Then I realized that if I could drink legally right now, then that would not be a good idea. The drinking age is 21 and I still don’t understand why the drinking age is not 24 or 25. It just does not make sense to me to make the drinking age, the age 3 years before your brain is fully developed. I understand that once you are 21, you are pretty much fully grown and usually ready for life on your own. But… “Alcohol use typically is initiated during adolescence, a period that coincides with critical structural and functional maturation of the brain.” (Silveri, Marisa M.) Lots of people think that once they turn 21, everything is fine for them to drink because they think that their brain is fully developed, when actually your brain is not fully developed until you are around 24-25. I think that the drinking age should change to be 24 or there should not be a drinking age at all. “Measurements Data from men and women in three age groups (18–34, 35–49, 50–65) showed the prevalence of drinkers, former drinkers, and lifetime abstainers; and the prevalence of high-frequency, high-volume, and heavy episodic drinking among current drinkers. Analyses examined gender ratios for prevalence rates and the direction of changes in prevalence rates across age groups.”(Wilsnack, Richard W.,Wilsnack, Sharon C., Kristjanson, Arlinda F.1Vogeltanz-Holm, Nancy D.,Gmel, Gerhard) This study shows that gender plays a factor and possibly the drinking age could be divided by gender.
Silveri, Marisa M., Adolescent Brain Development and Underage Drinking in the United States: Identifying Risks of Alcohol Use in College Populations. 10/4/13